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eBook The Invention of Air ePub

eBook The Invention of Air ePub

by Steven Johnson

  • ISBN: 0143143700
  • Category: Americas
  • Subcategory: History
  • Author: Steven Johnson
  • Language: English
  • Publisher: Penguin Audio; Unabridged edition (December 26, 2008)
  • ePub book: 1878 kb
  • Fb2 book: 1866 kb
  • Other: mobi docx mbr rtf
  • Rating: 4.2
  • Votes: 844

Description

in-and writes for Time, Wired, The New York Times, and The Wall Street Journal.

Электронная книга "The Invention of Air: A Story Of Science, Faith, Revolution, And The Birth Of America", Steven Johnson. Эту книгу можно прочитать в Google Play Книгах на компьютере, а также на устройствах Android и iOS. Выделяйте текст,. Выделяйте текст, добавляйте закладки и делайте заметки, скачав книгу "The Invention of Air: A Story Of Science, Faith, Revolution, And The Birth Of America" для чтения в офлайн-режиме.

The Invention of Air book. See a Problem? We’d love your help.

Mr. Johnson laments the intellectual specialization of our modern age. It’s a legitimate complaint, but his own attempt to leap different disciplines in a single bound is less enlightening than annoying

The flame converted oxygen in the air to carbon dioxide. This was then breathed in by the plant which exhaled oxygen. On a vast scale, this cycle maintains life on Earth, we now know, although Priestley rejected ideas involving the exchange of gases like oxygen or carbon dioxide.

The flame converted oxygen in the air to carbon dioxide. As the naturalist Georges Cuvier remarked, Priestley "was the father of modern chemistry who never acknowledged his daughter". In the end, Antoine Lavoisier worked out the existence of "pure air", though he would have been lost without Priestley's experiments.

Includes bibliographical references (p. -239) and index. The vortex - The electricians - Rose and nightshade - Intermezzo: an island of coal - The wild gas - A Comet in the system.

In The Invention of Air, national bestselling author Steven Johnson tells the fascinating story of Joseph Priestley-scientist and theologian, protégé of Benjamin Franklin, friend of Thomas Jefferson-an eighteenth-century radical thinker who played pivotal roles in the invention of ecosystem.

In The Invention of Air, national bestselling author Steven Johnson tells the fascinating story of Joseph Priestley-scientist and theologian, protégé of Benjamin Franklin, friend of Thomas Jefferson-an eighteenth-century radical thinker who played pivotal roles in the invention of ecosystem science, the discovery of oxygen, the uses of oxygen, scientific experimentation, the founding of the Unitarian Church, and the intellectual development. of the United States. As he did so masterfully in The Ghost Map, Steven Johnson uses a dramatic historical story to explore themes that have long engaged.

About The Invention of Air. Bestselling author Steven Johnson recounts-in dazzling, multidisciplinary fashion-the story of the brilliant man who embodied the relationship between science, religion, and politics for America’s Founding Fathers. The Invention of Air is a book of world-changing ideas wrapped around a compelling narrative, a story of genius and violence and friendship in the midst of sweeping historical change that provokes us to recast our understanding of the Founding Fathers.

The Invention of Air : A Story of Science, Faith, Revolution, and the Birth of America. A popular lecturer, he has spoken everywhere from Google to conferences such as TED. Wired for Life: What to Do with Who You Are. Steven Johnson.

Unabridged CDs ? 6 CDs, 7 hours Bestselling author Steven Johnson recounts? in dazzling, multidisciplinary fashion?the story of the brilliant man who embodied the relationship between science, religion, and politics for America?s Founding Fathers.

Comments

Foxanayn Foxanayn
The preface explains the goal is to explain the key role of Priestly in the formation of America. In the fourteen year correspondence of Adams and Jefferson, Washington is mentioned three times and Priestly fifty-two times. Why? This book explains.

Covers Priestly's connection to Benjamin Franklin and the 'Honest Whigs' in London. In his twenties, Priestly came to these scientists to ask permission to write a book on the history of electricity. He did. It became a book of seven hundred pages used as the basic text for a hundred years. Developed close friendship with Franklin, Erasmus Darwin, etc.

Became a leading scientist in Europe. Royal Society, French Royal Society, American Philosophical Society, etc. Nevertheless, his primary work was as a clergyman. Eventually his penchant for analysis impelled him the write a detailed history of Christianity.

Priestly wrote on 1774, "this rapid process of knowledge will, I doubt not, being the means, under God, of extirpating error and prejudice, and a putting an end to all undue and usurped Authority in the business of religion, as well as of science."

In 1782 he published "A History of the Corruptions of Christianity":

"The Corruptions was a kind of historical deconstruction of the modern church. Starting, of coarse, with divinity of Jesus Christ. . . and tracing each back to the distortions of Greek and Latin theologians starting the fourth and fifth century A.D. about the time of the Council of Nicaea. The corruptions opens with a meticulous assault on the Trinity, which takes up the first quarter of the book, and then widens into a long litany of smaller abuses, the false mysticism of the Eucharist, predestination, the immateriality of the soul, the last supper."

Priestly explained his method in the preface, "this historical method will be found to be one of the most satisfactory modes of argumentation, in order to prove that what I object to is really of the corruption of genuine Christianity and no part of the original scheme."

Servetus, Newton and Whiston used the same method and reached the same conclusions.

(Page 172) "A religious man forced to alter and reinvent his beliefs - and challenge the orthodoxies of the day - in the light of science and history, who was nevertheless determined to keep the core alive. Priestly was a heretic the first order who nonetheless possessed an unshakable faith. . . Ironically, it was "The Corruptions" itself - a work devoted to dismantling so many central values of modern Christianity - that finally gave Jefferson enough philosophical support to call himself a Christian again."

(Page 174) Jefferson wrote to Adams, "I have read Priestley's corruptions of Christianity, and early opinions of Jesus, over and over again; and I rest on them as the basis of my own faith. These writings have never been answered."

Most today have never considered Preistly's conclusions.

(Page 175) To Jefferson "christianity was not the problem; it was the warped, counterfeit version that had evolved over the centuries that he could not subscribe to. Thanks to Priestly, he could be a Christian again in good faith - indeed, his Christianity would be pure, more elemental then that of believers who clung to the supernatural trappings of modern sects."

Interesting that Servetus wrote in the 1500's "On the Errors of the Trinity" to help Moslems convert to Christianity.

Priestly also spoke out in favor of the French Revolution. These two radical ideas led to the Birmingham riots. His home and laboratory were burned to the ground. Dozen others houses and some churches also. Priestly went in to hiding. Emigrated to Pennsylvania. First became friends with Adams and then very close to Jefferson. Converted Jefferson from deism to Unitarianism.

Johnson uses Priestly's faith in future progress to contrast today's faith in self-destruction. However, Preistly's faith was a result of decades of keen Bible study and analysis. Today's faith, or loss of faith, is the result of the keen misery from human reason.
post_name post_name
As a formally educated chemist, I remember Priestly very well from college class, but I had never been taught his non-scientific interests and career. In this book we learn Priestly the Man, Priestly the Minister and Priestly the Political Refugee fleeing for his life. We also learn of Priestly's failings in Science such as his refusal to leave Phlogiston theory behind with the Alchemists.
The reason I bought this book was due to a visit to Priestly's retirement home in America at Northumberland, Pa. I had not realized, or was not in class the day it was taught, that he had a home and home lab in America, being English citizen to his death. Neither had I realized that he was one of the founders of the Universal Unitarian Church. Oh! was he ever hated by King George and the Aristocrats. Neither did I realize how much influence I had on our American Founding Fathers. They were not as Conservative as many Christians of today think.
Goldenfang Goldenfang
Wow! I mean Wow! What a mind-bender. Here are a few tidbits (any emphasis is mine):

Necessity, may be the mother of invention, but most of the great inventors were blessed with something else: leisure time. p. 53

By why would you study nothingness when there was such a vast supply of stuff to explain? There wasn't a problem in the nothingness that needed explaining. A cycle of negative reinforcement arose: the lack of a clear problem kept the questions at bay, and the lack of questions left the problems as invisible as the air itself. P. 73

Lunaticks - a group of intellectual allies with different fields of expertise, sharing insight and inspiration supporting one another emotionally and, at times, financially - and they were uniquely suited for a maverick, cross-disciplinary thinker like Priestley. P. 160.

What's interesting about Priestley is not that he had a hunch, but rather that he had the intelligence and the leisure time to let that hunch lurk in the background for thirty years, growing and evolving and connecting with each new milestone in Priestley's career - know that epiphanies are a myth of popular science, ideas don't just fallout of the sky, or leap out of our subconscious. But we don't yet recognize how slow in developing most good ideas are, how they often need to remain dormant as intuitive hunches for decades before they flower. Chance favors the prepared mind, and Priestley had been preparing for thirty years. We talk about great ideas using the language of flashes and instant revelation, but most great ideas happen on the scale of generations, not seconds. (Think of the almost glacial pace that characterized Darwin's "discovery" of natural selection.) Most great ideas grow the way Priestley's did, starting with some childhood obsession, struggling through an extended adolescence of random collisions and false starts, and finally blooming decades after they first took root. P. 79

Hope that whets your literary whistle...trust me - there's much more in this book that simply the excerpts represented above. I loved it! You will too.