cdc-coteauxdegaronne
» » America Alone: The Neo-Conservatives and the Global Order
eBook America Alone: The Neo-Conservatives and the Global Order ePub

eBook America Alone: The Neo-Conservatives and the Global Order ePub

by Stefan Halper,Jonathan Clarke

  • ISBN: 0521838347
  • Category: Social Sciences
  • Subcategory: Other
  • Author: Stefan Halper,Jonathan Clarke
  • Language: English
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (June 21, 2004)
  • Pages: 384
  • ePub book: 1339 kb
  • Fb2 book: 1541 kb
  • Other: mbr mobi docx txt
  • Rating: 4.1
  • Votes: 375

Description

Halper and Clarke are insiders who know the players and the sources. The neo-conservatives in Washingto. reated an entirely new reality. It suspended ordinary judgment across the American polity.

Halper and Clarke are insiders who know the players and the sources. Their thoughtful, insightful work spans ideological and partisan differences, a rare phenomenon these days. p. 203) The process, which anthropologists call the discursive construction of reality.

Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke argue, that as long as neo-conservative radicals dominate the nation's national security process, fracture is more likely. Assuming Americans will see increasing threats in the future, this book is important because it Used wisely, America's immense military power can preserve freedom but used unwisely, it can fracture global stability.

Stefan Halper, Jonathan Clarke. Jonathan Clarke is a Foreign Affairs Scholar at the CATO Institute in Washington, DC. Cambridge University Press, 5 сент. This book explores how George W. Bush's election, and the fear and confusion of September 11, combined to allow a small group of radical intellectuals to seize the reins of . national security policy. He received a . from Oxford University and has also been a Counselor, British Diplomatic Service, with assignments in Germany, Zimbabwe and the United States.

Halper and Clarke distinguish carefully between the neo-cons and the powerful allies, including Bush, Cheney and Rumsfeld, to whom they attached themselves. And they believe "coarse-grained unilateralism" has tarnished America's moral authority.

America Alone explores how George W. Bush's election, and the fear and confusion of September 11, 2001, combined to allow a small group of radical intellectuals to seize the reins of US national security policy. It shows how, at this 'inflection point' in US history an inexperienced president was persuaded to abandon his campaign pledges (and the successful consensus-driven, bi-partisan diplomacy that managed the lethal Soviet threat over the past half-century) and adopt a neo-conservative foreign policy emphasizing military confrontation and 'nation-building'.

Author: Halper, Stefan/ Clarke, Jonathan ISBN 10: 0521838347. Will be clean, not soiled or stained. Books will be free of page markings.

de la hipótesis de que estas tensiones no se resuelven del todo en América Latina. or. Discover by subject area. Este trabajo parte del debate del término constitucionalismo abusivo propuesto por David Landau para mostrar su efecto en momentos de transición democrática sobre algunos países de la región con regímenes autoritarios.

Examines the neo-conservative movement in the US and discovers cautions against i. Stefan Halper is a Fellow of Magdalene College, University of Cambridge, and a Senior Fellow of the Centre of International Studies, where he directs the Donner Atlantic Studies Programme.

Examines the neo-conservative movement in the US and discovers cautions against it. Product Identifiers. from Stanford and doctorates from Oxford and Cambridge Universities. He was a White House and State Department official during the Nixon, Ford, and Reagan administrations.

Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke argue . America Alone explores how George W.

Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke argue,.

Used wisely, America's immense military power can preserve freedom but used unwisely, it can fracture global stability. Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke argue, that as long as neo-conservative radicals dominate the nation's national security process, fracture is more likely. Assuming Americans will see increasing threats in the future, this book is important because it identifies the factions and agendas involved. It advocates an alternative approach based on a return to the mainstream principles that have successfully guided American diplomacy for half a century. years.

Comments

generation of new generation of new
The authors decry “the lack of truth in politics.” (p. 156) “Americans are entitled to truth.” (p. 231) But do the authors tell us the whole truth? Their account of the events in Bosnia is a complete fiction: The main obstacle to solving the crisis, the authors claim, was the indecisiveness of the U.N. peacekeeping forces, and the obstructionism of the Europeans. Once America took matters in its own hands the problem was instantly solved! Nothing could be farther from the truth. Five subsequent peace plans were proposed during the course of the war (Carrington-Cutileiro Plan, Vance Owen Peace Plan, Union of Three Republics Plan, EU Action Plan, Contact Group Plan.) They were all accepted by the Serbs, and torpedoed by the U.S. It was the U.S. of A. who caused the war to drag on. The Dayton peace accord was just a rehash of the last plan. No military action was necessary to “deliver the Serbs to the table.”

The authors further suggest that Europe was unable to control the collapse of Yugoslavia, and unable to defy the “aggression” of the Serbian army. In fact it was Europe that caused the collapse of Yugoslavia. The EU, at the insistence of Germany, recognized Croatia with arbitrary borders with a Serbian minority in it. As if that was not enough the U.S. then recognized Bosnia, a “country” that had never existed, and which the Serbs did not want to have anything to do with. The allegation of Serbian “aggression” is absurd. The Serbs resisted to be torn out of Yugoslavia and forcefully incorporated into a Muslim state.

The Kosovo war was a serious violation of international law - a war crime. And it was fought under a false pretext. Ostensibly the purpose of the Rambouillet negotiations was to obtain autonomy for the Kosovo Albanians. The Serbs agreed to it. But Serbia was bombed anyway. Why? Because when the autonomy negotiations were concluded, Madeleine Albright inserted Appendix B, which amounted to Serbia’s unconditional capitulation, and occupation by foreign troops. The document has been removed from the State Department web page, but the text can still be found on-line. Are the authors unaware of it?

Why do the authors tell us these lies? They may have themselves provided the answer by what they have to say about the Iraq crisis. “The problem is found in the network of overlapping interests within the center that made it difficult to break ranks and to ask disquieting questions.” (p. 304)

“… this process had the effect of diminishing and marginalizing dissenting voices arising from other sections of the policy community.”
“Anyone who might wish to question the policy was now on the wrong side of rationality, morality, and patriotism.” (p. 218)
”critics branded disloyal or defeatist, often subsumed by robotic supporters parroting the official line.” (p. 300)
This puts us just one step short of totalitarianism.

“senior neo-conservative officials have orchestrated a sustained program of deception toward the American people … In doing this, they have, at various ties, directly or indirectly co-opted certain institutions of government, the media, the academy, and foreign allies, making them complicit in their deceit.” (p. 297)

“Thus, by the time … the administration began to construct the notional discourse, half of the task had already been completed by the overwhelming and sensational coverage from much of the American media.” (p. 195)

The neo-conservatives in Washington … created an entirely new reality. … It suspended ordinary judgment across the American polity. (p. 203)
“The process, which anthropologists call the “discursive construction of reality.” uses language to create a reality different from that which existed prior to the use of the language. In this case, prominent neo-conservatives fashioned a dialogue, a linguistic environment, that caused many to believe that the claims were rooted in fact, which was no the case. Thus a set of subjective interpretations, repeated in various fora and presented as fact, emerged as the only valid way to comprehend the choices” (p. 307)

The neo-conservatives may have not been as prominent during the Yugoslav conflict as they were around the Iraq war, but the pattern is clearly the same: disinformation, demonization, war. And nowadays it is being replicated again with respect to Russia. There have been attempts to apply it to Syria.

“the neo-conservative “discourse” was remarkably effective. Seemingly out of nowhere, Iraq was represented as an immediate danger to America.” (p. 203)
Similarly out of nowhere, Serbia became a villain on par with Nazi Germany. Within a few weeks of sustained media barrage our ally of two world wars became a perverted nation, totally dehumanized. Suddenly we discovered that Yugoslavia was “Serb dominated.” The respected SFRY, the inheritor of the partisan struggle against the Nazis, in which Randolph Churchill participated, the most liberal of the communist states, which preserved its independence in spite of Stalin’s temper tantrums, country that prided itself on equal treatment of its nationalities and providing for full cultural development of its minorities suddenly became “Serb dominated”!

The authors quote an anonymous military officer: “This is the most information intensive war you can imagine … we are going to lie” (p. 194) The full spectrum dominance doctrine requires superiority in the entire battlespace including psychological and “information” domains. Any form of deception is fair game. The U.S. oligarchy and particularly the neocons strive for “benevolent global hegemony.” That requires elimination of potential rivals (p. 145) and indeed any entity that does not comply. The designated adversary is first subjected to massive demonization. When dominance in the “information” domain is achieved the other domains follow. That is, the victim is first injected with venom and then subjected to military invasion. With Russia and China it will be more difficult than with Serbia and Iraq.

“the United States runs the risk of resembling the dragons against which it is fighting. A development of this kind would be an appalling tragedy both for Americans and the world, undercutting as it would America’s historic capacity to act as a force for good.” (p. 274) There is no “would”!
Binar Binar
This book by two veterans of conservative leaders, the Reagan and Thatcher governments, provide a thorough takedown of the Neo-conservative foreign policy as demonstrated by the (now former) leadership of the Defense Department and our current UN ambassador, among others. These Center-Right authors have provided a thorough trouncing of the neocon viewpoint, starting with its earliest iterations and ending with a discussion of the current policies and projections of the leadership.

Halper and Clarke write many sensible things to me, and I am coming from a Center-Left viewpoint. This may be one of the most incredible parts of the book. I have come of age in my foreign policy thinking since just before 9/11, and while I would take a more liberal perspective many of the criticisms of the Bush Administration foreign policy than Clarke and Halper have, they are still the same as my own thoughts. This may also be one of the book's demonstrated weaknesses. The authors quote heavily from liberal thinkers but cite only scarcely from their fellow conservative intellectuals. This seems to be because other, more serious, conservative criticisms of neocon failings either aren't popular or are non-existent. If this is the case it is a shame.

Whichever the case, this is an excellent book to get the idea that there are those on the right unhappy with Iraq and other unilateral foreign adventures undertaken by Bush and the neocons.
Ylonean Ylonean
This book shows the Neo-Con agenda to be the bankrupt policy that it truly is - a 21st Century fable of the "Emperor's New Clothes." Except people - American GI's, Iraqis and Afghans - are dying because of this fable. For anyone who wants to understand this administration's foreign policy - and just how it has been hi-jacked - this is the book! This is a concise recording of ideology over reality. The facts be damned. The ideological agenda is what is important - not the reality of the facts. "Damn the torpedoes - Full speed ahead." (And after all, those of us in Washington and Academia who espouse this theory aren't the ones who must do the bleeding and dying. We have others to do that for us.)

I think a few excerpts from the book explain our current foreign policy - and the reasons for the war in Iraq. A basic tenet of the Neo-Con movement is American Supremacy - military and other. Hence there is no need to be bothered with other nations or their interests. This is the famous "Unipolar Moment" which is now an "Era." This is the reason we need "no entangling alliances."

"Having, as we have shown, more or less abandoned international cooperation as a means of achieving American objectives, having an almost religious belief in military power, and living by a historically anomalous selfish interpretation of American leadership, Neo-conservatives prefer to go it alone." (pg 272)

On page 281 is a quote from a historical figure which is very apropos -

"As soon as men decide that all means are permitted to fight an evil then the good becomes indistinguishable from the evil they set out to destroy" - John Locke. (pg 281)

We have very much come to this with the new permissiveness for the "invasion of privacy" under the PATRIOT and other laws put forward by this administration.

And most clear and concise of all is this Clausewitzian statement found on pg. 282, "Terrorism neither occurs in a vacuum nor is it generally a product of outside agitation or ideologies. Rather terror can be seen to follow Clausewitz's dictum as politics by other means. Placed in a political context, there can be no military conclusion to a counterterrorist campaign." (pg 282) Witness Algeria, witness Viet Nam, witness Northern Ireland, witness Basque Spain, and witness Iraq to come.

Neo-Conservatism is a bankrupt policy of military aggression and suppression. It can be explained to Iraqi's as "This is what is best for you." Is it no surprise that they reject it - and that our "allies" such as France, Germany, Korea and many others reject it also.

The book is a real eye opener. You should not miss it if America's future is something important to you.